In late 2018, ACF1 finalized the full loan agreement with Nii Kaniti, an indigenous community project run by AIDER (the NGO that runs the Tambopata project) which paves the way to implement and scale community forest management in the Peruvian Amazon. The Nii Kaniti project works with seven indigenous communities to conserve 127,000 hectares of threatened forest and focuses on protecting the rainforest and avoiding deforestation on community land through scaling up sustainable community forest management.
Project Area and its Threats
The Nii Kaniti project is located in Ucayali, a region in the central part of eastern Peru, on the edge of the Amazon Rainforest. The project area is comprised of community land from seven indigenous communities located around the Ucayali River. Deforestation and forest degradation in the community lands of the project are mainly as a result of land invasions for ‘slash and burn’ agriculture and land grabbing, illegal use of forest resources and low-productivity of agriculture. Native communities are also the second-largest managers of forest land in Peru and therefore key actors and critical to successful forest, biodiversity, culture and climate protection at the world scale.
Climate Change Mitigation
This project focuses on protecting the rainforest and avoiding deforestation on community land through scaling up sustainable community forest management. It integrates conservation activities that put a value on indigenous-led development with FSC certified timber extraction and cacao agroforestry
By protecting these 127,000 hectares of the critical rainforest ecosystem, the project will reduce global emissions by 3.4 million tonnes of CO2by 2021 – in 2018, the overall emission reduction was of 2.25 million tonnes of CO2. The project area is comprised of community land from seven indigenous communities located around the Ucayali River. The project addresses the local, economic drivers of deforestation and forest degradation by supporting the development of socially inclusive businesses.
Working with the Communities
The project aims to build resilience into the livelihoods of the indigenous communities who depend on the forest by helping them to better protect and conserve their lands. All project activities are done in deep collaboration with and to achieve the needs of the communities.
Local people are trained in land governance and conflict prevention and resolution. Increased patrolling, surveillance and financing of urgent actions for land and forest management relating to boundaries aims to minimize conflicts with land invaders and equip indigenous communities with tools to better protect their lands.
Project activities also help people have a better livelihood and generate income through improving the way that land is used. Thanks to this work, traditional productive activities of the communities, such as subsistence farming of food crops like papaya and casava, are being strengthened. This improves income and community capacities, which increases resilience. The transfer of traditional knowledge is vital as it involves vulnerable populations within the communities, such as indigenous women. Over the project lifetime, over 2,000 women and over 550 families will have improved their livelihood or generated income as a result of project activities.